Criteria for Child Practice Reviews (Serious Case Reviews)

Child Practice Reviews (CPR) or Serious Case Reviews (SCR) play a vital role in helping practitioners and organisations to continually improve the way they work, individually or together, to keep children and young people safe and free from harm.

A Review is the formal process that brings together information from all the agencies involved with a child and their family leading up to the incident. From these records, a complete picture of the case can be drawn up in a report, which includes analysis of all contact with the child and family, any decisions that were made, the conclusions made and any recommendations for action.

Reviews are carried out for every case where abuse or neglect is known or suspected and either:

  • a child has died or;
  • a child has been seriously harmed and there are concerns about how organisations or professionals worked together to protect the child.

The full criteria are specified in Working Together to Safeguard Children 2018.

A Review should always be carried out when a child dies in custody, in police custody, on remand or following sentencing, in a Young Offender Institution, in a secure training centre or secure children’s home.

The same applies where a child dies who was detained under the Mental Health Act 1983, or where a child aged 16 or 17 was the subject of a deprivation of liberty order under the Mental Capacity Act 2005.

There is useful guidance into Child Practice Reviews (Serious Case Reviews) on the Manchester Safeguarding Partnership website