Safeguarding Glossary


includes physical, sexual, emotional, psychological, financial, material, neglect, acts of omission, discriminatory and organisational abuse.

ADASS (Association of Directors of Adult Social Services):

is the national leadership association for directors of local authority adult social care services.

Adult at risk:

means adults who need community care services because of mental or other disability, age or illness and who are, or may be unable, to take care of themselves against significant harm or exploitation. The term replaces ‘vulnerable adult’.


is taking action to help people say what they want, secure their rights, represent their interests and obtain services they need.

Appropriate Adult:

An Appropriate Adult is an independent  person appointed by the police  when they are dealing with a suspect or witness who may be child or an adult at risk and ensures that they are treated fairly, that their rights are respected and that they understand what is happening to them.

Asset based Approach:

Assets based approaches are an integral part of community development in the sense that they are concerned with facilitating people and communities to come together to achieve positive change using their own knowledge, skills and lived experience of the issues they encounter in their own lives. They recognise that positive health and social outcomes will not be achieved by maintaining a 'doing to' culture and respect that meaningful social change will only occur when people and communities have the opportunities and facility to control and manage their own futures. In community development terms, assets based approaches recognise and build on a combination of the human, social and physical capital that exists within local communities.

Best Interest Meeting:

Is held whena person lacks mental capacity to make a particular decision in order that a decision is made in the person’s best interests which is one of the principles of the Mental Capacity Act 2005.


Black, Asian and minority ethnic groups

Care setting/services:

includes health care, nursing care, social care, domiciliary care, social activities, support setting, emotional support, housing support, emergency housing, befriending and advice services and services provided in someone’s own home by an organisation or paid employee for a person by means of a personal budget.


refers to unpaid carers, for example, relatives or friends of the adult at risk. Paid workers, including personal assistants, whose job title may be ‘carer’, are called ‘staff’.


Clinical Commissioning Groups are NHS organisations set up by the Health and Social Care Act 2012 to organise the delivery of all NHS services in England (replaced primary care trusts)


is a part of the Government’s counter-terrorism strategy which focuses on safeguarding children and adults from being drawn into committing terrorist-related activity. It is about early intervention to protect and divert people away from the risk they face before illegality occurs.

CID (Criminal Investigation Department):

is the units within the Police that deal with the investigation of crime that requires investigation by a detective but does not come within the remit of Community Safety Units (CSUs) or other specialised units.

Clinical governance:

is the framework through which the National Health Service (NHS) improves the quality of its services and ensures high standards of care.

CMHTs (community mental health teams):

are made up of a team of professionals and support staff who provide specialist mental health services to people within their community.

Coercive and Controlling behaviour:

is an act or a pattern of acts of assault, threats, humiliation and intimidation or other abuse that is used to harm, punish, or frighten and Controlling behaviour is a range of acts designed to make a person subordinate and/or dependent by isolating them from sources of support, exploiting their resources and capacities for personal gain, depriving them of the means needed for independence, resistance and escape and regulating their everyday behaviour. (Home Office definition)


is the voluntary and continuing permission of the person to the intervention based on an adequate knowledge of the purpose, nature, likely effects and risks of that intervention, including the likelihood of its success and any alternatives to it.

CPS (Crown Prosecution Service):

is the government department responsible for prosecuting criminal cases investigated by the police in England and Wales.

CQC (Care Quality Commission):  

is the independent regulator of all health and social care services in England.

Disclosure and Barring Service (DBS):

helps employers make safer recruitment decisions and prevent unsuitable people from working with vulnerable groups, including children. It replaces the Criminal Records Bureau (CRB) and Independent Safeguarding Authority (ISA).

DoLS (Deprivation of Liberty Safeguards):

are measures to protect people who lack mental capacity who are in hospital or a registered care home to ensure they are given the care they need in the least restrictive way

Domestic Abuse:

Any incident of controlling, coercive or threatening behaviour, violence or abuse between those aged 16 or over who are or have been intimate partners or family members, regardless of their gender or sexuality. 

Duty of Candour:

Every healthcare professional must be open and honest with patients when something that goes wrong with their treatment or care causes, or has the potential to cause, harm or distress.

EDT (Emergency Duty Team):

is the social services team that responds to out-of-hours alerts where intervention from the council is required to protect a child or adult, and where it would not be safe, appropriate or lawful to delay that intervention to the next working day.


The Care Act requires local authorities to make enquires, or ask others to make enquiries, when they think an adult with care and support needs may be at risk of abuse or neglect in their area and to find out what, if any, action may be needed. This applies whether or not the authority is actually providing any care and support services to that adult. The enquiry may lead to a number of outcomes, depending on the circumstances, including to prosecution if abuse or neglect is proven.


Female Genital Mutilation (sometimes referred to as female circumcision) refers to procedures that intentionally alter or cause injury to the female genital organs for non-medical reasons. The practice is illegal in the UK.

Forced Marriage:

A forced marriage is where one or both people do not (or in cases of people with learning disabilities, cannot) consent to the marriage and pressure or abuse is used.

GMP (Greater Manchester Police):

is the police force responsible for policing the county of Greater Manchester.

“Honour” Based Abuse:

is a crime or incident which has or may have been committed to protect or defend the honour of the family and/or community.

IMCAs (Independent Mental Capacity Advocate):

are a legal safeguard for people who lack the capacity to make specific important decisions, including making decisions about where they live and about serious medical treatment options. IMCAs are mainly instructed to represent people where there is no one independent of services, such as a family member or friend, who is able to represent the person.

IDVA (Independent Domestic Violence Advocate):

IDVAs are specialist support workers who are legally trained to work with victims of domestic abuse at high risk of serious harm from current or ex-partners or other family member(s).  They work from the point of crisis to assess the level of risk and address immediate safety issues.

IMHA (Independent Mental Health Advocate):

An IMHA is an independent advocate who is trained to work within the framework of the Mental Health Act 1983 to support people to understand their rights under the Act and participate in decisions about their care and treatment.

Initial Assessment Team (IAT):

The Initial Assessment Team is Trafford Council’s front door for Adult Social Care services. They provide advice and guidance to practitioners who make referrals into their service regarding adults at risk.


is someone appointed  to help a vulnerable witness give their evidence either in a police interview or in court.


is an acronym used to refer collectively to Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, Queer, Intersex or Asexual people.

Making Safeguarding Personal (MSP):

Making Safeguarding Personal (MSP) is an initiative which aims to develop an outcomes focus to safeguarding work, and a range of responses to support people to improve or resolve their circumstances. It is about engaging with people about the outcomes they want at the beginning and middle of working with them, and then ascertaining the extent to which those outcomes were realised at the end.

Managing Allegations:

Managing Allegations is the process by which any allegation against a paid member of staff or a volunteer is dealt with.

MAPPA (Multi-agency Public Protection Arrangements):

are statutory arrangements for managing sexual and violent offenders that are normally being released from prison back to the community.

MARAC (Multi-Agency Risk Assessment Conference):

is the multi-agency forum of organisations that manage high-risk cases of domestic abuse, stalking and ‘honour’- based violence.

Mental Capacity:

is the ability to make a decision about a particular matter at the time the decision needs to be made. The Mental Capacity Act 2005 protects people who are unable to make decisions for themselves or lack the mental capacity to do so.

Modern Slavery:

Modern slavery is the recruitment, movement, harbouring or receiving of children, women or men through the use of force, coercion, abuse of vulnerability, deception or other means for the purpose of exploitation. Individuals may be trafficked into, out of or within the UK, and they may be trafficked for a number of reasons including sexual exploitation, forced labour and domestic servitude.

National Crime Agency (NCA):

The National Crime Agency is a national law enforcement agency in the United Kingdom. It is the UK's lead agency against organised crime; human, weapon and drug trafficking; cyber-crime; and economic crime that goes across regional and international borders, but can be tasked to investigate any crime.

Neglect and acts of omission:

These include ignoring medical, emotional or physical care needs, failure to provide access to appropriate health, social care or educational services, and the withholding of the necessities of life such as medication, adequate nutrition and heating. Offences of ill-treatment or wilful neglect under or section 44 of the Mental Capacity Act 2005 include intentional or deliberate omission or failure to carry out an act of care by someone who has care of a person who lacks capacity to care for themselves.

NHS (National Health Service):

is the publicly funded healthcare system in the UK.

NHS England:

works with NHS staff, patients, stakeholders and the public to improve the health outcomes for people in England.

OPG (Office of the Public Guardian):

supports the Public Guardian in registering enduring powers of attorney, lasting powers of attorney and supervising Court of Protection appointed Deputies.

Outcomes/closure meeting:

The formal closure of an Adult Safeguarding Enquiry. It is not a requirement to hold a formal meeting to agree Closure, though it will be good practice in the more complex cases.


PIPOT is an acronym that refers to people in positions of trust


is an integral part of CONTEST, the Government’s Counter Terrorism strategy which aims to stop people becoming terrorists or supporting terrorism. It is a multi-agency approach to protect people at risk from radicalisation. Prevent uses existing collaboration between local authorities, statutory partners (such as the education and health sectors, social services, children’s and youth services and offender management services), the police and the local community to identify individuals at risk of being drawn into terrorism; assess the nature and extent of that risk; develop the most appropriate support plan for the individuals concerned.

Protection Plan:

A protection plan is an agreed plan of what help and support an adult needs to keep safe from harm. The plan will focus around the individual and their wishes, but may also involve others, for example, staff from Social Work, Housing, Police, health and care services.

Public interest:

a decision about what is in the public interest needs to be made by balancing the rights of the individual to privacy with the rights of others to protection.

Safeguarding Adults:

is used to describe all work to help Adults with care and support needs at risk of neglect or abuse  stay safe from significant harm. It replaced the term ‘adult protection’.

Safeguarding Adults Lead:

is the title given to the member of staff in an organisation who is given the lead for Safeguarding Adults. The role may be combined with that of alerting manager, depending on the size of the organisation.

Safeguarding Adult Managers:

are professionals or managers suitably qualified and experienced who have received Safeguarding Adults training. They are responsible for coordinating all Safeguarding Adults activity by organisations in response to an allegation of abuse.

Safeguarding Adults process:

refers to the decisions and subsequent actions taken on receipt of an safeguarding concern. This process can include a strategy meeting or discussion, an enquiry, a case conference, a care/protection/safety plan and monitoring and review arrangements.

Safeguarding Adult Review (SAR):

 is undertaken by the Trafford Strategic Safeguarding Partnership when a serious case of adult abuse takes place and agencies involved consider they would benefit from reviewing the case and professionals involvement in it. The aim is for agencies and individuals to learn lessons to improve the way in which they work.

Self Neglect:

Self-neglect is an extreme lack of self-care, it is sometimes associated with hoarding and may be a result of other issues such as addictions.

Significant harm:

is not only ill treatment (including sexual abuse and forms of ill treatment which are not physical), but also the impairment of, or an avoidable deterioration in, physical or mental health, and the impairment of physical, intellectual, emotional, social or behavioural development.

Social Care Institute for Excellence (SCIE):

is an independent charity whose work helps to improve the knowledge and skills of those working in care services. Up to date information and on line training course are available in the SCIE website.

Strategy Meeting/Discussion:

is a multi-agency meeting with the relevant professionals involved, held for both child and adult safeguarding cases to agree how to proceed with the alert. It can be a physical meeting or a discussion.

Strengths Based Approach:

Strengths-based practice is a collaborative process between the person supported by services and those supporting them, allowing them to work together to determine an outcome that draws on the person’s strengths and assets.

Trafficking and Modern Slavery:

Trafficking involves transporting people away from the communities in which they live and forcing them to work against their will using violence, deception or coercion. People are trafficked both between countries and within the borders of a country. Modern slavery is the recruitment, movement, harbouring or receiving of children, women or men through the use of force, coercion, abuse of vulnerability, deception or other means for the purpose of exploitation. Individuals may be trafficked into, out of or within the UK, and they may be trafficked for a number of reasons including sexual exploitation, forced labour, domestic servitude and organ harvesting.

Trafford Strategic Safeguarding Partnership:

The Trafford Strategic Safeguarding Partnership (TSSP) is an all-age arrangement, which replaced the Trafford Safeguarding Children Board (TSCB) and the Trafford Safeguarding Adults Board (TSAB).

For many years, the TSCB and TSAB have provided expertise and leadership in Trafford by bringing together a wide range of professionals working with children, adults and their families.

Vital interest:

is a term used in the Data Protection Act 1998 to permit sharing of information where it is critical to prevent serious harm or distress or in life threatening situations.

Wilful neglect:

Offences of ill-treatment or wilful neglect under or section 44 of the Mental Capacity Act 2005 include intentional or deliberate omission or failure to carry out an act of care by someone who has care of a person who lacks capacity to care for themselves.